Denial of Service (DoS) Affecting com.thoughtworks.xstream:xstream package, versions [,1.4.19)


0.0
high
0
10

Snyk CVSS

    Attack Complexity Low
    Availability High

    Threat Intelligence

    EPSS 1.23% (86th percentile)
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NVD
7.5 high
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SUSE
5.5 medium
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Red Hat
7.5 high

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  • Snyk ID SNYK-JAVA-COMTHOUGHTWORKSXSTREAM-2388977
  • published 1 Feb 2022
  • disclosed 1 Feb 2022
  • credit r00t4dm

How to fix?

Upgrade com.thoughtworks.xstream:xstream to version 1.4.19 or higher.

Overview

com.thoughtworks.xstream:xstream is a simple library to serialize objects to XML and back again.

Affected versions of this package are vulnerable to Denial of Service (DoS). An attacker can manipulate the processed input stream and replace or inject objects, that result in exponential recursively hashcode calculation,

Details

Denial of Service (DoS) describes a family of attacks, all aimed at making a system inaccessible to its intended and legitimate users.

Unlike other vulnerabilities, DoS attacks usually do not aim at breaching security. Rather, they are focused on making websites and services unavailable to genuine users resulting in downtime.

One popular Denial of Service vulnerability is DDoS (a Distributed Denial of Service), an attack that attempts to clog network pipes to the system by generating a large volume of traffic from many machines.

When it comes to open source libraries, DoS vulnerabilities allow attackers to trigger such a crash or crippling of the service by using a flaw either in the application code or from the use of open source libraries.

Two common types of DoS vulnerabilities:

  • High CPU/Memory Consumption- An attacker sending crafted requests that could cause the system to take a disproportionate amount of time to process. For example, commons-fileupload:commons-fileupload.

  • Crash - An attacker sending crafted requests that could cause the system to crash. For Example, npm ws package