Directory Traversal Affecting io.jooby:jooby package, versions [,1.6.7) [2.0.0.M1,2.8.2)


0.0
medium
  • Attack Complexity

    Low

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  • snyk-id

    SNYK-JAVA-IOJOOBY-568806

  • published

    11 May 2020

  • disclosed

    11 May 2020

  • credit

    Unknown

How to fix?

Upgrade io.jooby:jooby to version 1.6.7, 2.8.2 or higher.

Overview

io.jooby:jooby is a modular web framework for Java and Kotlin.

Affected versions of this package are vulnerable to Directory Traversal. There are two ways this vulnerability can be leveraged:

When sharing a File System directory as in: assets("/static/**", Paths.get("static"))

The class path also searches for the file (org.jooby.handlers.AssetHandler.loader):

  private static Loader loader(final Path basedir, final ClassLoader classloader) {
    if (Files.exists(basedir)) {
      return name -> {
        Path path = basedir.resolve(name).normalize();
        if (Files.exists(path) && path.startsWith(basedir)) {
          try {
            return path.toUri().toURL();
          } catch (MalformedURLException x) {
            // shh
          }
        }
        return classloader.getResource(name);
      };
    }
    return classloader::getResource;
  }

Sending /static/WEB-INF/web.xml it will fail to load it from the file system but will go into classloader.getResource(name) where name equals /WEB-INF/web.xml so will succeed and return the requested file. This way an attacker can get any configuration file or even the application class files

Assets configured to access resources from the root of the class path

assets("/static/**");

http://localhost:8080/static/..%252fio/yiss/App.class

Details

A Directory Traversal attack (also known as path traversal) aims to access files and directories that are stored outside the intended folder. By manipulating files with "dot-dot-slash (../)" sequences and its variations, or by using absolute file paths, it may be possible to access arbitrary files and directories stored on file system, including application source code, configuration, and other critical system files.

Directory Traversal vulnerabilities can be generally divided into two types:

  • Information Disclosure: Allows the attacker to gain information about the folder structure or read the contents of sensitive files on the system.

st is a module for serving static files on web pages, and contains a vulnerability of this type. In our example, we will serve files from the public route.

If an attacker requests the following URL from our server, it will in turn leak the sensitive private key of the root user.

curl http://localhost:8080/public/%2e%2e/%2e%2e/%2e%2e/%2e%2e/%2e%2e/root/.ssh/id_rsa

Note %2e is the URL encoded version of . (dot).

  • Writing arbitrary files: Allows the attacker to create or replace existing files. This type of vulnerability is also known as Zip-Slip.

One way to achieve this is by using a malicious zip archive that holds path traversal filenames. When each filename in the zip archive gets concatenated to the target extraction folder, without validation, the final path ends up outside of the target folder. If an executable or a configuration file is overwritten with a file containing malicious code, the problem can turn into an arbitrary code execution issue quite easily.

The following is an example of a zip archive with one benign file and one malicious file. Extracting the malicious file will result in traversing out of the target folder, ending up in /root/.ssh/ overwriting the authorized_keys file:

2018-04-15 22:04:29 .....           19           19  good.txt
2018-04-15 22:04:42 .....           20           20  ../../../../../../root/.ssh/authorized_keys