Denial of Service (DoS) Affecting org.apache.struts:struts2-rest-plugin Open this link in a new tab package, versions [2.1.1,2.5.16)

  • Attack Complexity


  • Availability


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  • snyk-id


  • published

    1 Apr 2018

  • disclosed

    27 Mar 2018

  • credit

    Yevgeniy Grushka, Alvaro Munoz

How to fix?

Upgrade org.apache.struts:struts2-rest-plugin to version 2.5.16 or higher.


org.apache.struts:struts2-rest-plugin provides high level support for the implementation of RESTful resource based web applications Convention Plugin.

Affected versions of this package are vulnerable to Denial of Service (DoS) attacks. An attacker may post a specially crafted XML request in order to perform a DoS attack when using the Struts REST plugin.


Denial of Service (DoS) describes a family of attacks, all aimed at making a system inaccessible to its intended and legitimate users.

Unlike other vulnerabilities, DoS attacks usually do not aim at breaching security. Rather, they are focused on making websites and services unavailable to genuine users resulting in downtime.

One popular Denial of Service vulnerability is DDoS (a Distributed Denial of Service), an attack that attempts to clog network pipes to the system by generating a large volume of traffic from many machines.

When it comes to open source libraries, DoS vulnerabilities allow attackers to trigger such a crash or crippling of the service by using a flaw either in the application code or from the use of open source libraries.

Two common types of DoS vulnerabilities:

  • High CPU/Memory Consumption- An attacker sending crafted requests that could cause the system to take a disproportionate amount of time to process. For example, commons-fileupload:commons-fileupload.

  • Crash - An attacker sending crafted requests that could cause the system to crash. For Example, npm ws package