XML External Entity (XXE) Injection Affecting org.jenkins-ci.plugins:compuware-common-configuration package, versions [,1.0.15)
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- Snyk ID SNYK-JAVA-ORGJENKINSCIPLUGINS-3030593
- published 22 Sep 2022
- disclosed 22 Sep 2022
- credit Valdes Che Zogou, CloudBees, Inc.
How to fix?
org.jenkins-ci.plugins:compuware-common-configuration to version 1.0.15 or higher.
Affected versions of this package are vulnerable to XML External Entity (XXE) Injection. Compuware Common Configuration Plugin 1.0.14 and earlier does not configure its XML parser to prevent XML external entity (XXE) attacks.This allows attackers able to change the contents of the Topaz Workbench CLI home directory on agents to have Jenkins parse a crafted file that uses external entities for extraction of secrets from the Jenkins controller or server-side request forgery.Compuware Common Configuration Plugin 1.0.15 disables external entity resolution for its XML parser.
XXE Injection is a type of attack against an application that parses XML input. XML is a markup language that defines a set of rules for encoding documents in a format that is both human-readable and machine-readable. By default, many XML processors allow specification of an external entity, a URI that is dereferenced and evaluated during XML processing. When an XML document is being parsed, the parser can make a request and include the content at the specified URI inside of the XML document.
Attacks can include disclosing local files, which may contain sensitive data such as passwords or private user data, using file: schemes or relative paths in the system identifier.
For example, below is a sample XML document, containing an XML element- username.
<xml> <?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?> <username>John</username> </xml>
An external XML entity -
xxe, is defined using a system identifier and present within a DOCTYPE header. These entities can access local or remote content. For example the below code contains an external XML entity that would fetch the content of
/etc/passwd and display it to the user rendered by
<xml> <?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?> <!DOCTYPE foo [ <!ENTITY xxe SYSTEM "file:///etc/passwd" >]> <username>&xxe;</username> </xml>
Other XXE Injection attacks can access local resources that may not stop returning data, possibly impacting application availability and leading to Denial of Service.