Denial of Service (DoS) Affecting opcua package, versions <0.11.0


0.0
high
  • Exploit Maturity

    Proof of concept

  • Attack Complexity

    Low

  • Availability

    High

Do your applications use this vulnerable package?

In a few clicks we can analyze your entire application and see what components are vulnerable in your application, and suggest you quick fixes.

Test your applications
  • snyk-id

    SNYK-RUST-OPCUA-2988751

  • published

    22 Aug 2022

  • disclosed

    22 Aug 2022

  • credit

    Vera Mens, Uri Katz, Sharon Brizinov of Team82 (Claroty Research)

How to fix?

Upgrade opcua to version 0.11.0 or higher.

Overview

opcua is an OPC UA server / client API implementation for Rust.

Affected versions of this package are vulnerable to Denial of Service (DoS) due to a missing limitation on the number of received chunks - per single session or in total for all concurrent sessions.

An attacker can exploit this vulnerability by sending an unlimited number of huge chunks (e.g. 2GB each) without sending the Final closing chunk.

Details

Denial of Service (DoS) describes a family of attacks, all aimed at making a system inaccessible to its intended and legitimate users.

Unlike other vulnerabilities, DoS attacks usually do not aim at breaching security. Rather, they are focused on making websites and services unavailable to genuine users resulting in downtime.

One popular Denial of Service vulnerability is DDoS (a Distributed Denial of Service), an attack that attempts to clog network pipes to the system by generating a large volume of traffic from many machines.

When it comes to open source libraries, DoS vulnerabilities allow attackers to trigger such a crash or crippling of the service by using a flaw either in the application code or from the use of open source libraries.

Two common types of DoS vulnerabilities:

  • High CPU/Memory Consumption- An attacker sending crafted requests that could cause the system to take a disproportionate amount of time to process. For example, commons-fileupload:commons-fileupload.

  • Crash - An attacker sending crafted requests that could cause the system to crash. For Example, npm ws package