Directory Traversal Affecting hostr Open this link in a new tab package, versions <2.3.6


0.0
medium
  • Exploit Maturity

    Mature

  • Attack Complexity

    Low

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  • snyk-id

    npm:hostr:20161211

  • published

    20 Dec 2016

  • disclosed

    10 Dec 2016

  • credit

    Liang Gong

How to fix?

Upgrade hostr to version 2.3.6 or higher.

Overview

hostr is a simple web server for the current working directory. Used for hello world style web sites hosting only files in current directory structure. Watches files and integrates with LiveReload. Affected versions of the package do not filter http GET requests in javascript code, allowing an attacker to retrieve confidential files over the network by requesting urls like: http://localhost:3000/../../../etc/passwd. CURLing the same request will not succeed.

Many thanks to Liang Gong for disclosing this vulnerability.

Details

A Directory Traversal attack (also known as path traversal) aims to access files and directories that are stored outside the intended folder. By manipulating files with "dot-dot-slash (../)" sequences and its variations, or by using absolute file paths, it may be possible to access arbitrary files and directories stored on file system, including application source code, configuration, and other critical system files.

Directory Traversal vulnerabilities can be generally divided into two types:

  • Information Disclosure: Allows the attacker to gain information about the folder structure or read the contents of sensitive files on the system.

st is a module for serving static files on web pages, and contains a vulnerability of this type. In our example, we will serve files from the public route.

If an attacker requests the following URL from our server, it will in turn leak the sensitive private key of the root user.

curl http://localhost:8080/public/%2e%2e/%2e%2e/%2e%2e/%2e%2e/%2e%2e/root/.ssh/id_rsa

Note %2e is the URL encoded version of . (dot).

  • Writing arbitrary files: Allows the attacker to create or replace existing files. This type of vulnerability is also known as Zip-Slip.

One way to achieve this is by using a malicious zip archive that holds path traversal filenames. When each filename in the zip archive gets concatenated to the target extraction folder, without validation, the final path ends up outside of the target folder. If an executable or a configuration file is overwritten with a file containing malicious code, the problem can turn into an arbitrary code execution issue quite easily.

The following is an example of a zip archive with one benign file and one malicious file. Extracting the malicious file will result in traversing out of the target folder, ending up in /root/.ssh/ overwriting the authorized_keys file:

2018-04-15 22:04:29 .....           19           19  good.txt
2018-04-15 22:04:42 .....           20           20  ../../../../../../root/.ssh/authorized_keys