Arbitrary File Write via Archive Extraction (Zip Slip) Affecting org.apache.karaf.kar:org.apache.karaf.kar.core Open this link in a new tab package, versions [,4.2.3)


0.0
critical
  • Attack Complexity

    Low

  • Confidentiality

    High

  • Integrity

    High

  • Availability

    High

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  • snyk-id

    SNYK-JAVA-ORGAPACHEKARAFKAR-173992

  • published

    21 Mar 2019

  • disclosed

    20 Mar 2019

  • credit

    Colm O hEigeartaigh

How to fix?

Upgrade org.apache.karaf.kar:org.apache.karaf.kar.core to version 4.2.3 or higher.

Overview

org.apache.karaf.kar:org.apache.karaf.kar.core provides core implementation of the KAR management service.

Affected versions of this package are vulnerable to Arbitrary File Write via Archive Extraction (Zip Slip). This can be exploited when the Karaf process user doesn't have limited permission on the filesystem.

Details

It is exploited using a specially crafted zip archive, that holds path traversal filenames. When exploited, a filename in a malicious archive is concatenated to the target extraction directory, which results in the final path ending up outside of the target folder. For instance, a zip may hold a file with a "../../file.exe" location and thus break out of the target folder. If an executable or a configuration file is overwritten with a file containing malicious code, the problem can turn into an arbitrary code execution issue quite easily.

The following is an example of a zip archive with one benign file and one malicious file. Extracting the malicous file will result in traversing out of the target folder, ending up in /root/.ssh/ overwriting the authorized_keys file:


+2018-04-15 22:04:29 ..... 19 19 good.txt

+2018-04-15 22:04:42 ..... 20 20 ../../../../../../root/.ssh/authorized_keys